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Surface Mining Appalachia

  • Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia | US EPA

    Coal is mined in Appalachia by both surface and underground mining techniques. Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee.Онлайн-запрос

  • New Map Chronicles Three Decades of Surface Mining in

    01/08/2018· Energy firms began surface mining after the valuable underground coal seams in Appalachia were more or less mined out. After getting the richer coal close to the surfaceОнлайн-запрос

  • Surface Mining And Low Birth Weight In Central Appalachia

    Surface mining in Central Appalachia increased after 1989, partly resulting from the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 which made surface mining more financially attractive. For the primary analysis, we fit a logistic regression model of the primary outcome (low birth weight, <2500 grams) on dummy variables for county and year; individual level maternal/infant covariates (maternal raceОнлайн-запрос

  • This is Appalachia: The Hazards of Surface Mining to the

    This is Appalachia: The Hazards of Surface Mining to the Land and Appalachian People. 05/30/2020 Modified 06/04/2020. SuchSweetYarrow . An endless canopy of deep green stretches across the wild expanse of sequestered Appalachian Mountains. Peaks cloaked in blue mist (thus the name Blue Ridge) appear to reach beyond the clouds. The wind whispers through the trees of the mystery theseОнлайн-запрос

  • Hydrologic Effects of Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia (U

    Surface coal mining operations alter landscapes of the Appalachian Mountains, United States, by replacing bedrock with mine spoil, altering topography, removing native vegetation, and constructing mine soils with hydrologic properties that differ from those of native soils. Research has demonstrated hydrologic effects of mining and reclamation on Appalachian landscapes include increased

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  • About the Appalachian Region Office of Surface Mining

    The Appalachian Region (AR) of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) was formed on May 1, 1995 to aid in accomplishing the agency's mission and implementation of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) effectively and efficiently throughout Appalachia. AR performs an oversight role for States in the Region that have primacy andОнлайн-запрос

  • Hydrologic Effects of Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia (U.S.)

    Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia (U.S.). Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 1-17. DOI: 10.1111/1752-1688.12322 INTRODUCTION Surface mining for coal has been practiced for more than a century in the Appalachian Mountains of eastern United States (U.S.) (Abramson and Hask-ell, 2006). Surface mining reorganizes geologic mate- rials and removes nativeОнлайн-запрос

  • Mountaintop removal mining Wikipedia

    Mountaintop removal mining (MTR), also known as mountaintop mining (MTM), is a form of surface mining at the summit or summit ridge of a mountain. Coal seams are extracted from a mountain by removing the land, or overburden, above the seams.This method of coal mining is conducted in the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States. Explosives are used to remove up to 400Онлайн-запрос

  • Plundering Appalachia The Tragedy of Mountaintop

    Mountaintop-removal mines in Appalachia are estimated to produce just 5 to 10 percent of total U.S. coal production, and generate less than 4 percent of our electricity—an amount that could be eliminated from the energy supply with small gains in energy efficiency and conservation. This highly destructive form of surface mining is disfiguring an entire region, the coalfield areas of WestОнлайн-запрос

  • New Data Available on the Footprint of Surface Mining in

    06/11/2019· The area of Central Appalachia impacted by surface mining has increased — by an amount equal to the size of Liechtenstein — despite a decline in coal production. SkyTruth is releasing an update for our Central Appalachian Surface Mining data showing the extent of surface mining in Central Appalachia. While new areas continue to be mined, adding to the cumulative impact of miningОнлайн-запрос

  • This is Appalachia: The Hazards of Surface Mining to the

    This is Appalachia: The Hazards of Surface Mining to the Land and Appalachian People. 05/30/2020 Modified 06/04/2020. SuchSweetYarrow . An endless canopy of deep green stretches across the wild expanse of sequestered Appalachian Mountains. Peaks cloaked in blue mist (thus the name Blue Ridge) appear to reach beyond the clouds. The wind whispers through the trees of the mystery theseОнлайн-запрос

  • A toxic crisis in America’s coal country BBC News

    image caption Explosives are detonated at a surface mining operation in the Appalachian Mountains. And in a part of the world where many people rely on their own wells to get water, rather than aОнлайн-запрос

  • Hydrologic Effects of Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia (U.S.)

    Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia (U.S.). Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 51(5): 1436-1452. DOI: 10.1111/1752-1688.12322 INTRODUCTION Surface mining for coal has been practiced for more than a century in the Appalachian Mountains of eastern United States (U.S.) (Abramson and Hask- ell, 2006). Surface mining reorganizes geologic mate-rials and removesОнлайн-запрос

  • Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia | US EPA

    21/12/2016· Coal is mined in Appalachia by both surface and underground mining techniques. Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee.Онлайн-запрос

  • Hydrologic Effects of Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia

    15/06/2015· Surface coal mining operations alter landscapes of the Appalachian Mountains, United States, by replacing bedrock with mine spoil, altering topography, removing native vegetation, and constructing mine soils with hydrologic properties that differ from those of native soils. Research has demonstrated hydrologic effects of mining and reclamation on Appalachian landscapes includeОнлайн-запрос

  • Surface mining in Appalachia (Journal Article) | OSTI.GOV

    OSTI.GOV Journal Article: Surface mining in Appalachia. Surface mining in Appalachia. Full Record; Other Related Research; Authors: Blakely, J W Publication Date: Sat Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 1974 OSTI Identifier: 5067465 Resource Type: Journal Article Journal Name: Coal Min. Process.; (United States) Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 11:6 Country of Publication: United StatesОнлайн-запрос

  • A Troubling Look at the Human Toll of Mountaintop

    21/11/2017· The devastating environmental impacts of mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia have long been well documented. But over the last decade, Indiana University researcher Michael Hendryx has been examining another consequence of this form of coal surface mining that had previously been overlooked: the health impacts on the people in the surrounding communities.Онлайн-запрос

  • The 100-year capitalist experiment that keeps Appalachia

    30/12/2017· The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act was supposed to require that mined land be restored to something approximating its original shape.Онлайн-запрос

  • Coal mining has flattened Appalachia by 40%, scientists

    An explosive is detonated at an A & G Coal Corporation surface mining operation in the Appalachian Mountains, Wise County, Virginia. Critics refer to this type of mining as 'mountaintop removalОнлайн-запрос

  • About the Appalachian Region Office of Surface Mining

    The Appalachian Region (AR) of the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) was formed on May 1, 1995 to aid in accomplishing the agency's mission and implementation of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) effectively and efficiently throughout Appalachia. AR performs an oversight role for States in the Region that have primacy andОнлайн-запрос

  • Surface Mining and Low Birth Weight in Central Appalachia

    22/10/2020· Surface mining has become a significant method of coal mining in the Central Appalachian region of the eastern United States alongside the traditionalОнлайн-запрос

  • Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia | US EPA

    21/12/2016· Coal is mined in Appalachia by both surface and underground mining techniques. Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee.Онлайн-запрос

  • Hydrologic Effects of Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia

    15/06/2015· Surface coal mining operations alter landscapes of the Appalachian Mountains, United States, by replacing bedrock with mine spoil, altering topography, removing native vegetation, and constructing mine soils with hydrologic properties that differ from those of native soils. Research has demonstrated hydrologic effects of mining and reclamation on Appalachian landscapes includeОнлайн-запрос

  • What EPA is Doing to Reduce the Adverse Impacts of

    Memorandum of Understanding Among the U.S. Department of the Army, U.S. Department of the Interior, and EPA Implementing the Interagency Action Plan on Appalachian Surface Coal Mining, June 11, 2009 Memorandum: Improving EPA Review of Appalachian Surface Coal Mining Operations Under the Clean Water Act, National Environmental Policy Act, and the Environmental Justice Executive Order,Онлайн-запрос

  • Coal mining has flattened Appalachia by 40%, scientists

    An explosive is detonated at an A & G Coal Corporation surface mining operation in the Appalachian Mountains, Wise County, Virginia. Critics refer to this type of mining as 'mountaintop removalОнлайн-запрос

  • Coal Controversy In Appalachia NASA

    Surface mining at these scales is more economical for coal companies, safer for miners, and, coal operators say, essential for mining the thin seams of lower-sulfur coal more valuable in today’s market. With dynamite and immense machines, surface mines can produce more than two to three times as much coal per miner as underground mines can. Although employment in the coal industry hasОнлайн-запрос

  • To Save the Land and People | Chad Montrie | University of

    Surface coal mining has had a dramatic impact on the Appalachian economy and ecology since World War II, exacerbating the region's chronic unemployment and destroying much of its natural environment. Here, Chad Montrie examines the twentieth-century movement to outlaw surface mining in Appalachia, tracing popular opposition to the industry from its inception through the growth of a militantОнлайн-запрос

  • OSMRE Appalachian Region's Newsroom

    OSMRE Funds National Academy of Sciences Study of Potential Health Risks Related to Surface Coal Mining in Central Appalachia: June 14: ARRI Mined Land Reforestation Conference. The 10th Annual ARRI Mined Land Reforestation Conference was held in Knoxville, TN August 2-3, 2016. The theme was “Perspectives on the FRA.” For more information visit the ARRI Website. For registration, updatesОнлайн-запрос

  • Characterization of particulate matter (PM10) related to

    01/07/2012· Many of the environmental impacts of surface coal mining, particularly mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia, are well documented (Palmer et al., 2010, Gilbert, 2010). These impacts include loss of biodiverse native hardwood forests, burial of ecologically valuable headwater streams by valley fills, reduced soil infiltration capacity and increased runoff, and increased levels of acidity